IPRA General Conference 2018

 

 

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25th IPRA GENERAL CONFERENCE 2014

UNITING FOR PEACE: BUILDING SUSTAINABLE PEACE THROUGH UNIVERSAL VALUES

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Organized by Sakarya University

ISTANBUL, TURKEY - August 11-15 2014

During the Cold War ideological confrontations, inter-state conflicts and extremely costly and risky arms races were seen as the most dangerous threats against peace and security.  Since with its end much of these threats seemed to have disappeared, it was widely expected that a new, more peaceful era could begin. Peace dividend, comprehensive conversion, sustainable development, global peace and justice in a civil society were the key words. The 1990s experienced reductions of troops, arms and budgets, resources that were available now for civil purposes. Today we see more non-military approaches included in international conflict management such as in UN and EU peace activities, or through the increased participation of NGOs/CSOs, as well.

However, the end of the Cold War also witnessed a change in conflict patterns and the world faced a new generation of challenges for peace and security.  Regional conflicts with ethnic, religious and/or economic-political background appeared in the Balkans, East and Central Africa, the Middle East, Caucasus or Central Asia. Recently the world is experiencing violent and non-violent mass upheavals, overthrow of authoritarian governments and militant quests for better democracy, livelihood and peace as in Northern Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, Thailand or Ukraine. Other novel threats – real like the World Trade Center terror attacks or purposefully staged as in the case of alleged WMDs in Iraq – had a strong impact on changes in the security, conflict and peace environment, as well.

It was this kind of changes that caused or were paralleled by according adjustments particularly in the international security and defence sector. One effect was that after a drop in the aftermath of the Cold War – global military expenditures have been going up since 1998. In 2013 they reached a level that even topped spendings at the peak of the Cold War. A related result has been that military instead of civil, non-violent procedures remained dominating in international conflict intervention. In stark contrast to that, and despite the strongly increased role of the UN after the Cold War, its peace-related activities have remained dramatically underfunded. The UN budget total covers not even 2% of what is globally spent for military purposes.

Addressing and connecting these two contrary developments may be considered as a responsibility and an opportunity for the peace research community:  To raise political and public awareness of this extreme misbalance, to develop alternatives and to show ways how to change this imbalance. Multifold empirical evidence that fundamentally questions the alleged success and costs of military conflict management are at hand already.  In order to move forward we definitely need more studies of this kind that show, quantitatively and qualitatively, under which circumstances, with what targets and limited resources non-military dealing with conflict may be more effective, more efficient and sustainable – and hence, superior to military interference. This includes a redefinition of its role and extent, as well.

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IPRA GOVERNING COUNCIL    2016-2018

 

  • Dr.  Katsuya Kodama - IPRA co-Secretary General 
  • Prof.  Úrsula Oswald Spring - IPRA co-Secretary General 

AFRICA

FEMALE

Jacinta  Mwende  Maweu - University of Nairobi,  Kenya

Bernedette Muthien - Constitutional Commission for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities in South Africa, South Africa

MALE

Olufemi  Oluniyi - Minister in Charge, ECWA Victory Arena, Nigeria

Matt Mogekwu - Ithaca College, USA

 

ASIA-PACIFIC

FEMALE

Kelli Te Maiharoa - Otago University, New Zealand

Sri Nuyanti  Indonesia

MALE

Tetsu Sadotomo (Japan)

 Manish Sharma (India)

 

EUROPE

FEMALE

Riikka Kuusisto - University of Helsinki, Finland

Stephanie  Thiel  - University of Giessen, Germany

MALE

Luc Reychler - Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium

Hendrik Bullens - Netherlands

LATIN AMERICA

FEMALE

Ursula  Oswald Spring - National University of Mexico, Mexico

Alvany Maria dos Santos Santiago - Federal University of Sao Francisco Valley – UNIVASF,  Brazil

MALE

Hernan Dario Vazquez Reyna - Peru

Andres Macias Tolosa - Universidad Externado de Colombia, Colombia

NORTH AMERICA

FEMALE

Carolyn Stephenson  - University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA

Ellen Vaillancourt

Simon Fraser Universtiy, Canada

MALE

Patrick Hiller - Portland State University, USA

Matt Meyer - Representative of PJSA; UN HQ NGO Representative, International Peace Research Association

 

RUSSIAN AND EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

FEMALE

 Olga Vorkunova  - Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

MALE

 Attila Fabian - West Hungary University, Hungary

 

Ex-officio members

  • AFPREA:   Olufemi Oluniyi  
  • ASIA-PASIFIC :  Janjira Sombatpoonsiri  & Pradeep Dhakal   
  • EuPRA : Itir Toksöz  
  • LATIN AMERICA : Diana de la Rua
  • IPRAF: Linda M. Johnston        

 

IPRA COUNCIL MEMBERS  2016-2018

 

  • Dr.  Katsuya Kodama - IPRA co-Secretary General 
  • Prof.  Úrsula Oswald Spring - IPRA co-Secretary General 

 .................................................................................

  • Bose Babatunde         
  • Cristina Atieno
  • Daniela Irrera
  • Diana Eugenio
  • Esteban Ramos
  • Hans-Günter Brauch
  • Ibrahim Shaw
  • John Synott
  • Kelli Te Maiharoa
  • Khalil Medani
  • Linda Groff   
  • Marcos Alan Ferreira
  • Marite Muñoz
  • Nesrin Kenar
  • Olga Vorkunova
  • Rajib Timalsina
  • Selvarajah Senthan
  • Serena Erendira Serrano Oswald
  • Sri Nuryanti
  • Toffolo, Cris
  • Unto Vesa
  • Vladimir Sotnikov
  • Walker Polly
  • Wim Laven

 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEMBERS

 
  •  Katsuya Kodama: Japan, Co-Secretaries General
  • Ursula Oswald Spring - Mexico,Co-Secretaries General
  • Hans Günter Brauch, Germany, for Europe
  • Kelli Te Maiharoa, New Zealand, for Asia Pacific
  • Senthan Selvarajah, Sri Lanka for Asia/Pacific
  • Maria Teresa Muñoz, Argentina,for Latin America
  • Matthew Meyer, USA, for North America
  • Christine Atieno, for Africa
  • Ibrahim Seaga Shaw (Immediate past secretary-general)
  • Nesrin Kenar(Immediate past secretary-general)

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